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Autor (up) Vries, W. doi  openurl
  Titel Average critical loads for nitrogen and sulfur and its use in acidification abatement policy in the Netherlands Typ Journal Article
  Jahr 1993 Publikation Water, Air, & Soil Pollution Kurztitel der Zeitschrift  
  Band 68 Ausgabe 3 Seiten 399-434  
  Schlüsselwörter acidification; Al; atmospheric deposition; Biomedical and Life Sciences; critical load; Critical Loads; Deposition; ecosystem; ECOSYSTEMS; emissions; eutrophication; FOREST; forest damage; FORESTS; groundwater; Model; models; N; Netherlands; NH3; nitrogen; NOx; pollution; SO2; steady state; sulfur; VEGETATION; water  
  Zusammenfassung Atmospheric deposition of N and S on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems causes effects induced by eutrophication and acidification. Effects of eutrophication include forest damage, NO3 pollution of groundwater and vegetation changes in forests, heathlands and surface waters due to an excess of N. Effects of acidification include forest damage, groundwater pollution, and loss of fish populations due to Al mobilization. Critical loads (deposition levels) for N and S on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in the Netherlands related to these effects have been derived by empirical data and steady-state acidification models. Critical loads of N generally vary between 500 and 1500 molc ha-1 yr-1 for forests, heathlands and surface waters and between 1500 and 3600 for phreatic groundwaters. Critical loads of total acid (S and N) vary between 300 to 500 molc ha-1 yr-1 for phreatic groundwaters and surface waters and between 1100 to 1700 mol ha-1 yr-1 for forests. On the basis of the various critical loads a deposition target for total acid of 1400 molc ha-1 yr-1 has been set in the Netherlands from which the N input should be less than 1000 molc ha-1 yr-1. This level, to be reached in the year 2010, implies an emission reduction of 80ΓÇô90% in SO2, NOx and NH3 in the Netherlands and of about 30% in neighboring countries compared to 1980 emissions  
  Adresse  
  Organisation Abschlussarbeit  
  Herausgeber Springer Netherlands Erscheinungsort Editor  
  Sprache Sprache der Zusammenfassung Originaltitel  
  Editor der Reihe Titel der Reihe Kurztitel der Reihe  
  Band der Reihe Ausgabe der Reihe Edition  
  ISSN 0049-6979 ISBN Medium  
  Bereich Expedition Konferenz  
  Notizen Geprüft nein  
  Rufnummer Juliane Höhle (juliane.hoehle@vti.bund.de) Signatur 372  
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